Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

The Long-nosed Leopard Lizard is a moderate-sized lizard with a tail more than twice the length of the rest of the body. It has a relatively large head and small scales across the entire body. The body color is often white, gray, or cream, with darker spots on the back and legs. Their spots can be bright colors depending on the breeding season.
Gambelia wislizenii
5-7 Years
  • Priority Species
  • Unprotected
Least Concern
  1. Washoe
  2. Humboldt
  3. Pershing
  4. Churchill
  5. Mineral
  6. Lyon
  7. Douglas
  8. Carson City
  9. Storey
  1. Elko
  2. Lander
  3. Eureka
  4. White Pine
  1. Esmeralda
  2. Nye
  3. Lincoln
  4. Clark

Habitat & Range

The Long-nosed Leopard Lizard is found throughout Nevada. They prefer areas that are sandy and rocky with low shrubs. They do not like densely vegetated areas because they can’t run to escape potential predators. They use mammal burrows to lay their eggs.

  • Cold desert shrubland and sagebrush
  • Mojave desert
  • Warm desert riparian


  • Habitat Degradation - Due to Invasive Species

Natural History

The Long-nosed Leopard Lizard eats insects, spiders, lizards, snakes, small rodents, and soft leaves, blossoms, and berries. They can eat a lizard that is nearly the same size as themselves! This species is ground dwelling but sometimes climbs into bushes. When threatened, it typically runs to the base of a shrub and remains motionless.
The Long-nosed Leopard Lizard is not territorial and, other than interactions associated with mating, adults appear to be rather oblivious of each other. They are not active in cold weather but are active from May-August in the northern part of the state, and March or early April through late August-late October in the south. Lizards active in late summer are usually hatchlings.

Fun Facts

Long-nosed Leopard Lizards are fierce predators and have been found choked to death attempting to consume prey that is too large for them to swallow. During breeding season, females develop bright orange spots along their sides.